Primatene ephedrine is a popular "odi u" product that is often found over-the-counter.
Znajući kako je, how to use it safely, and avoid side effects is important for any novice or experienced user of stimulative products.
Primatene tablets are not the only form this product manufactured by Pfizer takes.
The product was also available as Primatene Mist inhaler, and depending on country of origin, and can still be found in some areas.
Or can it?
Is Primatene discontinued in the US because it contains ephedrine as one of its components? Or is it still sold? Kliknite ovdje kako bi saznali o Clenbutrol - najjači pravna alternativa efedrin.
Primatene ingredients include ephedrine and guaifenesin.
The ephedrine ingredient of Primatene is intended to be used as a bronchodilator for the relief of chest tightness and dyspnea.
The guaifenesin component is intended for use as an expectorant for thinning bronchial secretions and loosening phlegm.
The Primatene Mist inhaler, otherwise simply known as Primatene inhaler, has been discontinued in the United States as of the end of 2011.
Primatene mist and inhalant did contain approximately 0.22 mg epinephrine (note the difference between epinephrine and ephedrine).
It was primarily recommended as a bronchodilator and prescribed for patients with asthma or other bronchodilator issues such as emphysema, u nekim slučajevima, KOPB-A.
The Primatene mist inhaler was used medically for relief of symptoms of mild to moderate asthma.
Symptoms often included but are not limited to a feeling of shortness of breath and tightness of the chest as well as wheezing common among asthma sufferers.
Another product manufactured by Pfizer was the Primatene tablets containing ephedrine HCl, again for its purpose as a bronchodilator.
The product also contained another ingredient, guaifenesin, to be utilized as an expectorant, or to help loosen mucus (phlegm) for those suffering symptoms of intermittent asthma.
Primatene tablets contained a 12.5 mg of ephedrine and 200 mg guaifenesin.
Dosage recommendations were to take one to two tablets orally every four hours or as needed, with a maximum of 12 tablets in 24 sati. It was recommended that the tablets be taken with adequate amounts of water.
The list of potential interactions and contraindications of use were, i dalje biti, quite extensive.
Non-medical usage of Primatene ephedrine, including products such as Primatene tablets, Primatene Inhaler, and other Primatene Mist inhaler alternatives, has commonly been misused due to its primary ingredient – efedrin.
It should also be noted that Primatene Mist was known generically as epinephrine.
Both ephedrine and epinephrine are considered stimulant drugs.
What is their primary mechanism of action, and is Primatene for weight loss effective or even safe?
Ephedrine is one of the alkaloid components of the ephedra plant, which grows in regions around the world.
Danas, ephedrine alkaloid is banned from over-the-counter products in the U.S. due to the risks of side effects over benefits.
U drugim zemljama širom svijeta, ephedrine alkaloids are legal as long as they are sold within certain milligram strength limitations.
Ephedrine has long been associated with dieters seeking weight loss, i je – and continues to be – one of the most popular despite its usage ban in many countries.
Many previous users believe it is one of the best dietary weight-loss aids ever used for weight loss.
The ephedrine mechanism of action, and which also made Primatene for weight loss an alternative for many dieters after ephedra products were banned, is its mechanism of action as a sympathomimetic effecting drug.
Sympathomimetic compounds are also known as adrenergic amines. Such drugs are often deemed adrenergic in nature, which means that they have the ability to initiate a number of actions in the body.
In the case of ephedrine, it stimulates the central nervous system (SREDIŠNJEG ŽIVČANOG SUSTAVA). The autonomic nervous system is also a component of the CNS, and plays a role in our responses to stress, strah, or danger.
That boost of adrenaline that you feel when you’ve been startled or scared is the effect of ephedrine surging through the body.
Ephedrine and its response to the autonomic nervous system also influences the sympathetic nervous system as well as the parasympathetic nervous system.
These three systems (autonomni, sympathetic, and parasympathetic) are components of the nervous system which are responsible for actions in the body over which we have no control. Such actions include:
Kao takav, these reactions also have the potential to constrict blood vessels, causing the heart to beat faster. It prepares the body for a burst of physical or mental activity or function.
Na mnogo načina, stimulative products such as those found in Primatene or even Primatene alternatives such as Bronkaid, are used by dieters or those seeking weight loss because it can increase heart rate, which in turn is related to increased metabolism.
Povećana metabolizam, za mnoge, equates to enhanced fat burning potential. Međutim, To nije uvijek slučaj.
While increased metabolism can increase thermogenesis or heat production in the body, which is a natural process, it may not necessarily trigger adequate lipolysis, or destruction of fat.
The milligram strength of ephedrine in Primatene products is relatively low, and a person would have to take more than recommended to feel much of an effect.
Nažalost, this is what many people do, especially in countries where ephedra and the ephedra alkaloids have been banned.
Čak i tako, any product that contains ephedrine, including Primatene tablets, the Primatene Mist inhaler (before it was discontinued), and other products containing Primatene for sale, have been a popular “odi u” product for users looking for that increased burst of energy and in turn, greater fat-burning potential.
The length of activity or the half-life of ephedrine is relatively short and may last anywhere between one and three hours for most, although depending on individual factors, may last a bit longer.
A number of studies have attempted to determine ephedrine benefits for weight loss, and most have been deemed moderately successful, but only for short-term and in modest weight loss.
A number of studies have deemed that a person using Primatene (ephedrine content) for weight loss may experience approximately 2 pounds more in weight loss than someone who is not using the product. 
Another study determined that a person using ephedrine (i opet, this depends on milligram strength and frequency of use), can initiate an approximately 0 .9 kg per month loss in weight over that of someone using a placebo in clinical trial environments. 
In the majority of studies and clinical trials, the average dosage of ephedrine ranged anywhere between 25 mg i 50 mg.
Međutim, a number of test subject had a slightly greater boost in energy, and greater potential weight-loss was seen with the addition of caffeine to the ephedrine usage.
Combining more than one stimulant at the same time can increase the risk of negative side effects. Čak i pri nižim dozama, ephedrine combined with caffeine can lead to negative side effects.
In a number of experiments (utilizing rats), combinations of caffeine and ephedrine have the potential to trigger acute hemorrhagic myocardial necrosis. 
A number of individuals scoff at the scientific experiments utilizing small animals, especially in relation to the potential effects on humans, but benefits and risks associated with such experiments should always be seriously considered by potential users.
A number of athletes as well as dieters looking to such products for the weight-loss benefits, the thermogenesis promoting effects, the energy enhancement, and the potential weight-loss, should also consider the negative aspects of these components, as they go hand in hand.
Dno crta – even combining ephedrine with caffeine, whether you’re using a product like Primatene tablets or another form of stimulant, can produce some benefits, but in regard to weight loss, are minimal in nature.
The risk of side effects however, often outweighs those benefits.
Napomena: a cup of regular black coffee contains approximately 95 mg kofeina.
While Primatene tablets are not expensive, having to take roughly 8 of them to gain the same milligram strength of the ephedrine equitable to the caffeine in coffee is, u najboljem, questionable, at least financially.
osim toga, a person taking Primatene ephedrine for the purpose of weight loss must also consider that even these components found in Primatene will not significantly boost weight loss without adequate attention paid to diet, prehrana, i vježbe.
Does use of ephedrine equate to fat loss?
A number of reviews (left by users of ephedrine) found not only in Primatene products, but other drugs, mainly comment on the fact that ephedrine does act as a positive appetite suppressant.
An individual taking advantage of ephedra-containing products, according to a number of forum board comments and discussion threads found on bodybuilding websites, is that the person could look for approximately a 2.5 pound a month weight loss.
Drugim riječima, ephedrine can in some cases enhance weight loss, but a decrease in caloric intake is required for both fat and weight-loss.
The person using Primatene ephedrine without decreasing caloric intake and combining with exercise won’t likely see many results.
Ephedrine has the potential to enhance metabolism, and combined with some type of aerobic exercise, can increase results, but again results, prednosti, and side effects vary among users.
Is Primatene discontinued, or can you still find it?
Primatene Mist has been discontinued in the U.S. While Primatene is not a specifically controlled substance, it does have a history with the US FDA.
It is still a banned substance by the World Anti-Doping Agency classification guidelines. It was officially discontinued on December 31, 2011. 
What about finding Primatene at Walmart, or even a version of the Primatene Mist at Walgreens?
Danas, consumers will not find Primatene mist at common pharmacies such as those belonging to Walmart, Walgreens, CVS pharmacy, ili drugi.
Međutim, Primatene tablets, known by brand name Bronkaid, and Primatene Asthma, generically known as ephedrine and guaifenesin, is still available, but primarily only with a prescription.
Primatene Asthma is one of the many products manufactured by Pfizer.
You can still find Primatene at Walmart, u obliku tableta.
Međutim, the label instructions do specify that the product is not recommended for use unless a person has asthma and has been diagnosed with asthma by a physician.
Primatene at Walmart costs approximately $10 for a box of 60 tablete. Single tablet dosage averages 12.5 mg, and two tablets average 25 mg.
It is not recommended that an individual take more than 150 mg u 24 sati.
Before looking for Primatene for sale, be aware that you may not find exactly what you’re looking for, although you may find some Primatene alternatives.
You won’t tend to find Primatene for sale, barem po marki, on online website such as Amazon or eBay, but substitutes are out there.
Čak i tako, kvaliteta, accuracy, and genuine products in this area are often lacking. A number of bronchial and breathing aids are available, but don’t necessarily contain ephedrine.
Nažalost, it may be difficult, Ako ne i nemoguće, to find Primatene Mist or Primatene inhaler products at Walgreens, and that goes for any kind of Primatene at Walgreens.
The same applies to Primatene at CVS, Farmaceutske kuće, and other popular pharmacies in the US.
When typing in the key words “Primatene at Walgreens” na primjer, you may find a number of forum threads or discussions about Primatene mist or even Bronkaid, both of which contained ephedrine.
Međutim, these asthma medications have been gradually phased out in most locations.
Individuals who want to purchase such products must typically get them at the pharmacy counter, and while a prescription isn’t necessarily required, an individual may be asked to sign a document stating that they are not using the product to manufacture drugs based on several of its ingredients.
While no longer available over-the-counter, a number of products that contain ephedrine can still be found in both inhaler as well as tablet form.
Primatene reviews vary widely, depending on how the product was used in the form it took or takes.
Primatene tablets generated different reviews as well as side effects than the Primatene Mist inhaler usage.
The Primatene Mist inhaler, when it was sold over the counter, was one of the most popular for the relief of asthma symptoms.
When used for treatment of asthma symptoms, it did provide fast relief, although others stated that it tasted terrible.
Others complained that even through the pharmacy, it could be difficult to order. Due to the increasingly negative attention focused on ephedrine, proizvod, even for those who were officially diagnosed with asthma, faced difficulty finding it.
Čak i tako, asthma sufferers using Primatene inhaler products found that while it worked for most, it was not as effective as other asthma drugs such as albuterol.
A great number of reviews for Primatene inhaler products stated that it was easy to overuse and misuse, and when that happened, side effects tended to occur.
When it comes to Primatene tablets, reviews were also mixed. When used responsibly and correctly, very few side effects have been associated with use.
Međutim, prema proizvođaču, prolonged use or when used in higher than recommended dosages, To može biti vrlo opasno, especially to those diagnosed with any cardiovascular issues.
Other reviews for Primatene tablets stated that it had a very short-term effect and that even at recommended dosages, could create that jittery feeling associated with too many stimulants in the system.
Safety considerations for use of Primatene ephedrine, or any type of Primatene product (inhalator, mist, ili tableta) are clearly defined in a number of drug resource websites including Epocrates, drugs.com, and Rxlist.
A number of serious adverse reactions have been associated with use of Primatene (ephedrine/guaifenesin) uključujući ali ne ograničavajući se na:
Manje ozbiljne, but still disturbing common reactions to the ephedrine and guaifenesin component of Primatene products includes but is not limited to:
While it has been noted that clinical reports and information are still lacking in regard to risk of fetal harm with use of either ephedrine or guaifenesin, it is recommended that pregnant women or those planning to become pregnant avoid the product.
In regard to breastfeeding (lactation), use of such products has been deemed possibly unsafe in regard to the ephedrine, while the risks associated by guaifenesin are less clear.
U svakom slučaju, savjetuje se oprez.
One of the most common Primatene alternatives found on the market was (and still is in some locations) Bronkaid, which also contains ephedrine and guaifenesin.
U 2012, following the discontinuation of Primatene (with ephedrine), a number of other asthma inhalers were developed.
One contained racepinephrine. This product was primarily designed to use in nebulizers, but an individual using it for weight loss would still experience the jittery feeling, due to its stimulative effect on the central nervous system.
The product does appear to be effective in opening airways, making breathing easier for those dealing with asthma, emphysema, or COPD.
In regard to its use by athletes for those seeking weight loss, it could potentially be beneficial in dilating airways, therefore increasing oxygen intake.
Međutim, if a person’s airways are already normal, dilating them even more may seem pointless and potentially dangerous due to the potential for over-oxygenation, a condition known as oxygen toxicity.
Too much oxygen intake in the body can literally cause an overdose, disrupting optimal levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
Options available for those looking for Primatene ephedrine today are slim, mainly because the inhaler form of ephedrine (od 2012) is no longer considered safe for the treatment of asthma, based on the recommendations of several organizations including the:
Individuals looking for Primatene alternatives can find other products that contain ephedrine today, mainly in vasopressors and decongestants.
Ephedrine is still used in the treatment of a number of conditions including acute asthma, acute COPD, u nekim slučajevima, hypotension. A few such products include but are not limited to :
Even though some of these ephedrine-containing products are still available, obtaining prescriptions for them has become increasingly difficult.
Newer and safer drugs have replaced ephedrine in many of these products.
Depending on where you look, and online options, it is still possible to buy Primatene ephedrine, Primatene tablets, as well as find Primatene for sale.
Ipak, Uvijek budite oprezni.
A number of anti-asthmatic combinations including that of ephedrine and guaifenesin (Bronkaid) is still relatively commonplace, at least in regard to its availability online.
Some geographical locations may still offer a number of Primatene products for sale, although availability at locations including Walmart, Walgreens, or Primatene at CVS will depend on legalities, manufacturer guidelines, and pharmacy regulations.
While Primatene ingredients are fairly basic and available in lower range dosages, especially in regard to the Primatene tablets, taking more than recommended or using longer than advised can and does contribute to negative side effects and adverse reactions.
This is especially true when combined with other stimulants including caffeine, or other herbal ingredients designed to increase energy such as Bitter Orange (Citrus aurantium), which is also another common component of stimulant or energy-producing products today.
Any individual looking for Primatene (ephedrine components), whether in tablet or other form, should be aware of how each of its components behave in the body.Crna Mamba HyperrushCrni pauk 25BronkaidDiablos ECA vatru kapeECA ekstremne Fat BurnerEphedra Outlet pregledZelena Stinger EphedraHellfire Eph 150Hydroxycut s EphedraKaizen efedrinLipodrene HardcoreLipodrene s EphedraMetabolife 356 s EphedraMetabothinMethyldrene 25MethylzeneMini tanka Ephedrizine 25 mgOctadrenePrimati efedrinCrveni Volt EphedraNosorog žuriti EphedraKopirane goriva s EphedraKopirane u prahuSlaganje 3 s EphedraKonačan snimanjeXenadrene s EphedraŽuta metak EphedraŽuti vragovi