Testosterone is a hormone (considered the primary male sex hormone) produced by the testicular gland (testes).
While it is produced in the testicles, levels are controlled mainly by the pituitary gland, located in the brain.
Known as the master gland of the body, the pituitary gland manages the production and secretions of all the glands found within the endocrine system.
One of the main things that the testosterone hormone is identified with is the development of secondary male sex characteristics in adolescent boys and men.
These characteristics include a deepening voice, presence of body and facial hair, maturation of male genitalia, sperm production, libido, and more. Buy Testo-Max online here.
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Low testosterone is also known in medical terms as hypogonadism. Hypogonadism is classified as primary or secondary.
For example, any number of conditions or medical situations can contribute to a deficiency in levels of the hormone.
In most cases, medical causes of primary hypogonadism can include:
If you are feeling the effects of low T, you’re not alone as roughly 6 million men in the US have been diagnosed with a deficiency.
Some of the most common side effects associated with low testosterone hormone levels have been noted as:
These side effects are more commonly associated with a man who has experience otherwise normal levels of testosterone and the decrease in due to a medical condition or normal aging processes.
A person who has always been at the lower range may not notice any of these side effects at all, other than conditions involving infertility, erectile dysfunction or impotence.
For many, low levels can also have a psychological impact on men including a sense of anxiety or uneasiness, dissatisfaction, inability to focus or concentrate, mood changes, and for some, depression. Do these symptoms sound familiar? They should.
They’ve often been associated to female menopause. In fact, low testosterone due to aging processes is often called male menopause.
Average ranges of testosterone hormone are just that – averages.
Measurements of test levels can vary not only by age, but even the time of day that blood levels are checked.
A general range in adolescent and adult males has been researched by numerous medical organizations.
For example, the Mayo Clinic provides the following information regarding average testosterone hormone production based on age:
That’s quite a range, regardless of age. Men can function sexually, emotionally, and physically with testosterone levels in the lower range. The same is true of men at the higher range.
Testosterone is like any hormone when it comes to the cellular and systemic effects.
Hormones are extremely complex, with a multitude of mechanisms that have a direct and indirect effect on the body.
Every single anabolic steroid has this property, especially if they directly derive from testosterone.
It is no surpise that Testosterone has a major effect on the body’s tissue.
Testosterone must travel through the bloodstream to get pumped throughout the entire body.
By traveling the bloodstream, it can make its way into various tissues and act like a messenger telling tissue cells what their job is.
For example, testosterone targets the following areas:
What happens in the tissue is similar to activity and action of any hormone.
The hormone attaches itself to a receptor in or on the tissue cell.
It will send a message to the cell telling it what to do. For testosterone and estrogen, certain receptors are found within the cell.
Testosterone binds to the androgen receptors to “kick start” the effects.
Steroid hormones are unique in that they can become fat-soluble, which allows them to easily pass through the cellular membrane’s phospholipid (fat) bilayer.
This gives cortisol, estrogen, testosterone and other kinds of steroid hormones the ability to attach to the receptors inside the cells.
Peptide hormones, which are protein hormones, are unable to do this.
Peptide hormones attach to receptors on the outside of the cell membrane because they can’t get inside the cell.
Testosterone exclusively affects tissues and cells that have certain hormone receptors (androgen receptor).
If you have been diagnosed with low T, the doctor will also want to check your pituitary and hypothalamus gland function.
That’s because these two glands are mainly responsible for sending signals to either increase or decrease production of testosterone in the testes. Your doctor may also consider factors such as age, weight, and lifestyle to determine a potential cause.
Chronic alcoholism or use of alcohol can decrease hormone production. Aging processes also decrease production.
Options for increasing testosterone levels range from physician guided and prescription injections, gels, creams, or lotions to over-the-counter and nonprescription boosters or enhancers that are designed to promote and boost function of the pituitary or hypothalamus gland, or both.
When considering testosterone hormone therapy or over-the-counter supplements, always be aware that side effects are possible.
Not everyone experiences side effects from treatments, but many do. Some of the most common side effect complaints include:
Talk to your doctor about what it does in the body, and how it can affect you if those levels are decreasing.
Therapy is not recommended for every man. Age, diet, exercise levels, and lifestyle will also be considered when it comes to options for treating a testosterone hormone deficiency.Function of TestosteroneTestosteroneTestosterone HormoneTestosterone DeficiencyTestosterone EnhancersTestosterone FoodsTestosterone for BodybuildingTestosterone for MenTestosterone Normal RangeTestosterone LevelsTestosterone Levels By AgeTestosterone ProductionTestosterone Replacement TherapyTestosterone SuppressionTestosterone TestTop Testosterone BoostersTestosterone and AnxietyTestosterone and Hair LossTestosterone and LibidoTestosterone DietFree Testosterone